Damascus steel is mined and forged in a way that produces a visible pattern on the blade which is seen with the naked eye. Each blade is folded to have 500-600 folds and always a minimum of 300 folds on smaller piecces with finer detail. Sometimes extra metals are added into the blade as ornamental pieces that add extra color and elegance. Damascus steel is well-known to be of extrordinary hardness while retaining plasticity for edge retention.
A blade can be sharpened to a razors edge by even the most novice of knife users. When sharpened by an expert, Damascus steel blades can become so sharp they will split a hair dropped upon the edge. Analyzing the steel structure under a microscope has revealed the presence of carbon nano-tubes, which are extremely sturdy, having similiar structure to a diamond. Damascus steel was originally produced in Middle Eastern Asia at around 300 BC. Since then, it is revered as an art or craft of steel which is passed down from generations of steel smiths who made knives, daggers, swords, and even gun barrels.